Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Courtesy: Wikipedia

President Felipe Calderón with other national leaders at the meeting of G5 leaders in Berlin, Germany. From left to right: Manmohan Singh of India, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil, Hu Jintao of China and Thabo Mbeki of South Africa.
The foreign policy of Mexico is directed by the President[87] and managed through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,[88] whose constitutionally recognized principles are: respect for international law and legal equality of states, their sovereignty and independence, non-intervention, peaceful resolution of conflicts and promotion of collective security through active participation in international organizations.[87]
Since the 1930s, the Estrada Doctrine has served as a crucial complement to these principles.[89] The foreign relations of Mexico have been focused primarily on the United States and its historically tied neighbors in Latin America and the Caribbean. In the 20th century, Mexico developed a foreign policy based on hemispheric prestige. However, in the 2000s, former President Vicente Fox adopted a new foreign policy that called for an openness and an acceptance of criticism from the international community and the increase of Mexican involvement in foreign affairs, as well as a further integration towards its northern neighbors.[90] A greater priority to Latin America and the Caribbean has been given in the administration of President Felipe Calderón.[91]
In addition, since the 1990s Mexico has sought a reform of the United Nations Security Council and its working methods[92] with the support of Canada, Italy, Pakistan and other nine countries, which form a group informally called the Coffee Club.[93] As an regional and emerging power, Mexico has a significant global presence and is a member of several international organizations and forums such as the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the G8+5, the G-20 major economies, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.